Our discussion will focus on facility management, which is a very important aspect of manufacturing plants.
- How the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) can improve facility management?
- Applications of an IIoT for facility management.
That we are going to discuss briefly.
Just focusing you how we could implement in order to make these different domains smarter and to have different facilities that are going to be smarter.
What is Facility Management?
The facility is a general-purpose term which means buildings, precincts which could mean community infrastructure.
So facility in the context of manufacturing plants would basically mean the business enterprise infrastructure that is their:
- The manufacturing company,
- Different machinery,
- The different trucks,
- The fleet etc..
All these different types of infrastructure, buildings, machinery, etc are different types of facilities.
So the management of these facilities is what is required.
So essentially what facility management talks about:
Definition of Facility Management :
Facility Management is the guiding and managing of the operations and maintenance of different facilities;
such as buildings, precincts, community, and infrastructure on behalf of property owners.
We need to manage all of these.
In this particular article, our focus will be on IIoT enablement.
So IIoT enabled facility management.
Let us talk about two types of facilities:
We could have some kind of building a facility.
A facility having exclusive floors, exceptional rooms, etc..
This building will have an owner, this building has different rooms, departments, offices, or infrastructure in them.
So these different units are going to be powered through electricity.
There could be different rooms which will have to be temperature conditioned.
So the temperature conditioning of these rooms is going to be lighted.
So the lighting of these rooms is important.
There are going to be different not just the owners.
But there could be different other actors who are going to use this facility like let us say, customers.
There could be different in an industrial facility there could be different let us say contractors or subcontractors who could be using.
So whenever we are talking about facility management we need to have a facility management department.
Which will take care of the management of all of these different entities that we talked about?
- Particularly this fixed infrastructure,
- The machinery,
- The buildings,
- The floors,
- The rooms,
- Their temperature conditioning,
- The lighting conditioning or monitoring control.
All of these matters plus the distinct customers and the distinct actors who are going to operate distinctive moves on this specific facility or the use of this particular facility.
So owners, customers, subcontractors are examples of the different users or the actors of these facilities.
If we are talking about this kind of system ultimately we need to have these different units, these different actors work much more efficiently in order to have improved facility management.
For improved facility management again, as usual, we need to have sensor enablement, IIoT devices will have to be enabled.
We need to have these devices which will be enabled depending on the use cases being implemented and so on.
These different devices which are monitoring the condition of these different facilities.
They are going to throw in data that will have to be stored in the common database.
And finally, there is going to be some kind of a monitoring station a control station from where this monitoring is going to be performed.
So this is going to be a common monitoring station for monitoring the facilities in the buildings using an IIoT implementation.
Once again we should not forget that if you are doing all of
these things we should not forget about security and privacy issues.
Multiple facilities being monitored.
So here we are not just talking about a single building.
But we are going to have maybe a cluster of buildings and so on which all will have to be monitored
We will have different containers fitted with them to send the data out of these buildings and so on.
We have and each of these buildings has its own subcontractors.
And finally, this data will have to be sent to the manager or the control station.
So there could be a manager sitting in a control station, who is the facility manager taking keeping an eye on the entire facility.
In between because we are talking about multiple subcontractors and so on.
In between again you could have an intermediate subcontractor who could be sitting.
And may want to assist this controller or the manager to reveal the facilities appropriately.
This will be for multi facilities.
Multiple facility scenarios and the single facility scenario and IIoT enabled facility management in both of these scenarios.
Different dimensions of facility management:
So let us now go forward and try to understand the different concepts in facility management.
Whenever we are talking about facility management,
We are talking about buildings, finance, people, contracts and so on.
All of these will have to be managed it is not merely buildings,
It is not merely a people facility that includes all of these different dimensions and their management is what facility management talks about.
Facility management would offer:
- Support services for organizations,
- Integrate people, place, or process,
- Improve the quality of the working environment,
- Improve productivity.
And these are closely associated to the operations that are performed in a constructing and monitoring managing those exclusive operations.
So the facilities manager is going to do all of these different things.
How we are going to have this facility management.
So we have all these different ones like buildings, facilities, etc..
- we also have a building owner,
- we have different customers tenants of these different buildings,
- we may have different subcontractors performing different things like different buildings, different floors could be handled by these subcontractors.
And what is required is to have this owner manage all the subcontractors and through these subcontractors manage facilities, buildings, and so on.
Scope of IoT in Facility Management:
Basically concerns the deployment of these different IoT devices,
- To get new insights through the gathering of the data, lowering electricity consumption in these facilities.
- Implementing different newer technologies:
Such as Wi-Fi advanced security mechanisms and many different other technologies.
Mark the cost barrier:
Increasing the running effectivity lowering maintenance costs.
These are the Scopes of IIoT implementation in facility management.
Support services will have to be offered in terms of:
Planning and reviewing the budget.
- Information Technology:
Improve the ability to coordinate among the installed devices
Human Resources Management:
Improve the quality of the workforce and the environment.
All of these difference of support services is also of concern of facility management.
Monitoring, gathering, dissemination relevant information, and take decisions.
Research potential customers
- Business Development
The overall growth of a business:
These are the broader services offered as part of facility management.
The key idea of facility management is to get a comprehensive detail of each and every infrastructure, facility, machine the faults, the history, usage, and modification.
So obviously without this IIoT implementation efficiently effectively getting all of these types of information.
And managing this information over a connected system would not be possible.
IIoT implementation is paramount for improved efficient facility management.
Ensuring data consistency, making harmonized decisions is what a facility manager should also deal with.
So the real strength of facility management is to predict the occasions earlier than they truly take place and to measure and forestall the estimated hazards.
Advanced analytics big data management needs to be implemented.
Because actually, the nature of the data that we deal with in facility management through the IIoT implementations are basically the Big Data.
Optimization of different resources manpower resources, assets, technology, cost-effectiveness, etc..
These are also extraordinary optimization problems that a facility manager offers with.
Different Challenges with Facility Management:
Balancing the quality of the facility with respect to the budget.
- Aging of the inventory:
So taking proactive and preventive protection these are additionally part of this facility management.
- Changing regulatory and compliance standards:
Enforcing those within the facility are also part of the facility management.
- Security management:
To protect these different infrastructure facilities machinery against security breaches and threats that is also part of security management
But this is a challenge
- The internet of things (IoT) application in Facility Management:
Which include using these IoT devices to have:
- Smart lighting,
- Smart refrigeration,
- Use of smart meters,
- Smart fire suppression systems,
- Security and safety alarms,
- Central heating ventilation and air-conditioning(HVAC)
If there is a fire that occurs then detecting that in a smart way, controlling that fire suppressing the fire in a smart way.
These are additionally phase of the IoT software multiplied IoT application in facility management.
IoT application in facility management also includes you know the installation of security and safety alarm systems.
Dealing with the age facts which are basically the central heating ventilation and air conditioning systems.
The room reservation schedule is also part of facility management.
Using IoT real-time status updates of the meeting rooms to ensure double-booking this is also done.
This is just an example of IoT enabled facility management that can be achieved, monitoring of the usage of the stock of supplies.
These are also possible efficiently these could be done with IoT application.
- We are essentially talking about facilities like these buildings.
Which have their owners, they have electric lighting, different power meters etc..managing this whole thing.
Having smart electricity deployment, smart lighting systems, temperature control, and so on.
These are the concerns in a single facility smart facility management system.
Analytics in Facility Management:
- Managing Energy Consumption,
- Data-driven Decision-making,
- Operational Cost-optimization,
- Remote monitoring of facilities,
- Determining the exact square-foot utilization of office space.
Analytics is very important because there is no use of this data that is collected through the deployment of these IoT devices.
If you cannot deal with this data and try to get insight out of the data means then this data is going to be useless.
These all are of concern with respect to analytics in facility management.
Benefits of facility management:
- Having or offering improved customer experience,
- Preventing unauthorized access,
- Real-time tracking of different things different activities.
That is going on within the facility is real-time tracking of those real-time tracking of intruders surveillance.
Surveillance is also part of facility management.
Surveillance using different cameras the CCTV cameras.
- Then most importantly optimize that means the ability to do more with fewer resources.
Optimization of resources and improved productivity this is also within the purview of facility management.
So this is an important benefit of facility management.
IoT enablement for facility management improved customer experience and so on.
In this article given you:
- Highlights about the different concerns in facility management,
- How IIoT can help in improving or addressing these different concerns,
- The different challenge in facility management,
- Scope of IoT in Facility Management,
- IoT application in facility management,
- Analytics in facility management,
- Benefits of facility management and so on.